The Energy Showcase

A Pioneering Solar House

Reduced Heat Consumption

 

The house is heated predominantly by passive solar and internal heat gains from people, lights and appliances. A minimal space heating system is needed. One is only now being installed after living in the house since August 2012.

Some of the factors contributing towards its very low heat consumption include:

  • High thermal insulation, respectively 450/300/200 mm in the roof/walls/floor;
  • Draughtproof construction, around 0.4 air changes/hour at 50 Pascals in a ‘blower door’ test
    versus 10 for a normal UK house;
  • Passive solar features, plus a high thermal capacity structure;
  • Mechanical ventilation with heat recovery (MVHR) including an earth-buried tube to preheat
    fresh air in winter and precool it in summer.

 

Insulated Structure

 

Schematic cross-section through
the high-mass, externally-insulated
building envelope.

 

PHPP Chart 100914

 

 

The result of modelling the building with
the Passive House Planning Package.
The ‘heating season’  in a normal year
is roughly four months long.

 

 

A high thermal mass structure surrounded by a thick layer of external insulation gives a thermally stable building. It reacts slowly to changes in the weather or to sudden solar energy inputs through the windows.

In a temperate climate, a relatively long thin and south-facing house; e.g., house A below, can actually have a superior energy performance to a compact, almost cube-shaped dwelling such as house B. House A has a slightly greater heat loss than house B but it gives superior daylighting and passive solar gains.

Pic for Technical Reduced Heat Consumption (2)

 

Which to build: house A or house B?

 

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